Cephalonia and Cephalonia in the late 18th century
Historical note of SYLVAIN MARECHAL on the island of Kefalonia in 1788.
Kefalonia is the largest island in the Ionian Sea. From the Greeks who gave her her name, she passed into the hands of the Romans. Venice received it as a donation at the beginning of the 13th century, and around the end of the 15th, it came back from the Turks after a tough siege. 

They called it Tetrapolis, not because of its geographical shape that is triangular, but because it was old enough to thrive to keep four cities. Today divided into seven areas, it has not only villages, equipped with the absolutely necessary for their existence. 

The temperature is so sweet, the soil is so good that roses come out even in the winter, and they are still thriving fruits from April to November.

The theory of the influence of climate on humans, does not apply in Kefalonia. The character of the islanders is in perfect contrast to the shape of the soil that feeds them.The Kephalonians look wild, they are almost all armed with a rifle, they wear a dagger and a pair of pistols in the belt. A rural capa of white or dark wool, composes their costume. The loose trousers start from the belly and reach the feet, and are made of linen cloth, have a beard or mustache.

Women walk without a head cover, wavy hair on their shoulders, or woven circularly, look like warriors, and they wear a hat in their belt. Their hands, practiced from childhood, at work, do not despise the toughest jobs. We see them rowing alone in boats, like men.

The fact that both genders are armed daily shows that Kefalonia is not an area of ​​peace and family tranquility. And indeed, the inhabitants are, in other words, born brawlers. So that the Venetian commander who rules them is often required to be enforced with the help of the army, the one the Republic provides, in order to maintain order on the island.The love of profit and speculation make them courageous to a point of savagery. 

Oil, wine and currants are the main marketable products of the island. It also has a lot of wheat and fine fruit. That is why they can live independently of the other nations without need, because the soil produces enough to meet their needs.

So why did the Kephalonians still not find the secret to be happy and good? What can Nature do for their happiness? Alas! This thought is applicable to almost all areas of the Earth. 

Combined with a historical note on habits, customs, religions, etc. 
IN THE FIELD, PAVARD, Publisher, Street St. Jacques, Nº 240. 
[…] M. DCC. LXXXVIII. (1788) 

(translation in Greek: Lionel G. Vidoni and Stamatoula Kallivokas) 


direct source -kefaloniamas.gr

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