‘Dardanos’: The new Civil Protection Flood Plan – From where it got its name, what it includes


“Dardanos” is the name of the new Civil Protection Flood Plan .

A four-phase plan to prevent, deal with and manage the consequences of a flood.

One week after the floods in Kinetta, Thassos, Halkidiki, Rhodes that cost four of our fellow citizens the “Sunday Free Press” presents the “Dardanos” plan.

Who is Dardanou who gave his name to Civil Protection?
According to wikipedia in Greek mythology, Dardanus was the son of Zeus and Electra, daughter of Atlantis, and founder of the city of Dardanus in Mount Ida of Troy while other records agree that Dardanus came to Troas from Samothas.

Preventive actions in the new Civil Protection Plan
The new plan includes inter alia the 4 Phases of preparatory actions of regions, municipalities, activation and alert of Fire, Police, Port, EKAB, Army and other state agencies. Indicates in detail and mapping the points of threatened areas and the mobilization actions of entities and individuals, which are listed in detail in the relevant Registry.
An important part of Dardanos, besides preventive actions to address such phenomena, is the management of the consequences, the support of the affected, the de-escalation of the situation, information and of course the immediate financial support. At least 7 pages of the Memorandum of Action are devoted to decision-making on organized preventive removal of citizens due to flood events. 
Everything in this plan contains old and new elements, but requires timely and fast interfaces – synergies between actors and leaders for their timely implementation in order to avoid tragedies such as Mandra and Eye. 

The four phases of the Civil Protection plan
 This project entered into force on 18 November 2019. The main actions include the four phases of the preparatory actions. 

Phase 1 (Standby): Maintenance of equipment, securing communications, memoranda of cooperation, convening civil protection coordinating bodies. The design and implementation of flood protection projects are not the subject of Dardanou, as their implementation is described in detail in the 7187 / 7-10-2019 and 7767 / 30-10-2019 documents of the SAPD Planning and Emergency Management Department.
At this stage the following actions are taken: 

Reviewing, updating, harmonizing civil protection plans of stakeholders.
Ensure financial resources for implementing actions
Operation control of the communication and information flow system
Well-functioning inspection and maintenance of equipment and media
Preparation of memoranda of cooperation with private entities
Information and public awareness
Establishment of Damage Recording Committees
Convening Local Coordinating Bodies (STOs) and
Civil Protection Coordinating Bodies (SOPs)
Ensure Interconnection and Collaboration of Business Centers
Staff training programs

Phase 2 (increased alertness): This documented alert status is set by the National Weather Service’s forecast of hazardous weather events and is associated with the following actions:

Staff and media readiness
Informing the public 
Informing farmers, breeders
At this stage, the areas that will be affected by extreme weather events and determine actions such as:

Hydrographic network.  
Geomorphology of the catchment area.
Saturation of surface soil from previous rainfall.
Planting soil.
Land use.

Phase 3 (Immediate Mobilization – Intervention): This is the phase of manifestation and mobilization of the competent bodies, focusing on:

Unleashing and rescuing civilians from the Fire Department
Traffic measures taken by the Greek Police 
Measures to protect workers from infrastructure or facility operators 
Decision on organized expulsion of citizens
Removing road network barriers
Control of drinking water network
Visual inspection of infrastructures and technical works
Security measures by EL.AS for the protection of citizens and property
Immediate resumption of power supply networks 
Cleaning flooded areas
Water and sanitation network repair
Declaring an emergency area
Make a decision to stop courses

Phase 4 (Rehabilitation-Assistance): It further launches relief actions, damage assessment, disaster recovery decisions. This part of the mobilization system addresses the following: 

Providing hospitality to affected people
Financial support to meet first aid needs, household replacement
Demarcation of the affected area
Recording and compensation of disasters in livestock and vegetable capital
Network re-operation (HEDNO, DEYA, fixed-line providers)
Damage to the road network 
15 flood risk maps in the Civil Protection plan
The “Dardano” is a cartographic map of the areas declared to be in Civil Protection Emergency Situations in the context of potentially high flood risk zones.

The RAPD Emergency Planning and Emergency Directorate has mapped areas that have been declared a state of emergency due to flooding in the 2015-2019 period and listed high risk areas, as well as high risk flood areas for a period of 100 floods. .
The objective is to facilitate Regions and Municipalities in the launch of projects and actions related to both the operational control and maintenance of existing flood protection projects, as well as the planning and execution of new flood risk assessment projects, which contribute to reducing the risk of occurrence floods with adverse effects. 
In this context, 15 maps were created at Region level, which have already been posted on the GAPP website, under “Thematic Maps of Civil Protection Plans”, and will be sent to all stakeholders.

Evacuation-preventive removal in Civil Protection plans
According to article 108 of Law 4229/2014, the responsibility for taking a decision on organized eviction of citizens is explicitly stated by local mayors, and if the disaster affects more than one municipality, the decision is the responsibility of the competent regional governor. In
a combination of articles, the removal decision may be taken by the Secretary-General of Civil Protection or the Coordinator of the relevant Decentralized Administration after authorization. Its reception is based on the suggestions of the bodies responsible for limiting the impact of the flooding on a case-by-case basis. Organized removal action is only carried out when good organization is ensured in good time for its safe implementation.

The Mayor, together with the heads of the bodies involved, must ensure the following: 

The number of people to be removed
Identifying modes of transport based on the number of people 
The original gathering place for citizens
The amount of time needed to alert people (door-to-door, media, radio stations)
The ability to control and manage traffic
Ensuring communications between operators
The reception and care of the citizens
The time of removal from the area

Civil Protection Management of Human Losses
In the event of a flood that causes numerous deaths, the Special Plan for the Management of Human Losses (CRMD) is activated. In such an event, as in the case of Mandra Attica, its management goes beyond the capacity of the Forensic Authorities and other stakeholders. 
To this end, the Loss Management Plan has been prepared in the context of the implementation of the General Xenocrates Civil Protection Plan, but its third edition is expected based on newer institutional changes. This will establish a system for the proper organization and coordination of stakeholders and services for more efficient management of multiple deaths. 
This coordination relates to the interconnection of individual actions between the authorities involved in the management of the consequences, namely the Greek Police, Fire Brigade, Coast Guard, depending on the type and location of the incident and the finding and disposal of additional resources. The activation of the SAD is made by the Secretary General of Civil Protection upon request of the physical leadership of one of the Security Bodies involved, and may be implemented simultaneously or in parallel with any specific emergency response plan per disaster category. 

Source – iefimerida.gr 

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