Meeting on the vaulted Mycenaean Tomb at Tzannata

A meeting was held on Monday 7 October at the cultural center of Poros with a number of key players including the Ionian Islands Regional Governor, Mr. Rodi Kratsas , the Deputy Regional Governors of Kefalonia and Ithaca Stavros Travlos, Sami and Argostoli Mayor’s and residents of the region. The main aim was the integration of the tomb into gaining funding from the NRSF program.

In this context, Mr. Gerasimos Metaxas, mentioned in detail and specifically on the subject of the tomb located in the region in order to promote funding in the NRSF programme.

Deputy Mayor Nikos Kourkoumélēs read the resolution and called on the attendees to sign it.
We hope and demand this effort after 28 years to be completed so that this monument is promoted for tourism and a memory of our predecessors on Kefalonia.

Background information on the tombs

The largest tomb known to date in northwestern Greece has been discovered in Tzannata Poros Kefalonia. Its geographical location connects him reasonably with his research on where Ithaca should have been. Its particularly long and roofed mouth is 3.35 in length, 0.90-1 in width and 1.90 m in height.

The top of the dome was sunk. The excavation revealed that it collapsed during the Venetian years, when the tomb was used as a shelter. As is usually the case with vaulted tombs, it was already occupied since antiquity. The surviving burials show that its burial lasted from the Mycenaean to the Hellenistic years.

Given the timeless use of the tomb, interesting are the burial customs, as well as the few but precious little objects – offerings brought to light by excavation research.

The tomb has a diameter of 6.80 meters and a height of 3.95 meters and is structured on the site of another smaller one that had collapsed for an unknown reason around 1350 BC. The older porcelain material can be seen embedded in the dome of the younger tomb.

Of great interest are burials in built pits, deeply rooted beneath its floor, and even more interesting is the pit-like tomb at a depth of about 4 meters, which should probably belong to the older, smaller tomb. The central masonry case belongs to the deceased for whom the younger tomb was built, while the semi-torn and built of small limestone white stones to other officials in the area, who lived around the first quarter of the 12th century. B.C.

Near the vault, another built four-sided chamber tomb was discovered and investigated, which was used as an ossuary. The floor was covered with white pebbles. Its long sides converge upwards, and the roof would be of large slabs in horizontal construction. The skeletal remains of 72 people were discovered during the search, which had been transported there with only a few of their cremations when the site was cleaned during the construction of the new arch.

Of the endowments we mention a few but important pottery specimens, some jewelry and unique seals.

The archaeological findings of the tomb and its integration in the Late Helladic II – B period (1350 BC) indicate the existence of a strong Mycenaean center, probably related to the Homeric Ithaca.

Source – post of Georges Metaxas

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