December 16, 2019

 The Roman villa at Skala Kefalonia was unearthed in 1957, after excavation of V. Kallipolitis. The villa retained six spaces, of which I is the vestibule, the II, III and IV chambers, the V room and the sixth (VI) courtyard. The monument originally extended eastwards, but its walls were cut during the early Christian period, during which the central chamber (III) was converted into an arched church. It is possible that the villa also had baths with fuels, probably Nymphaeum, in the eastern part, where in 1822 a large tank was built. Noteworthy at the excavator is the location of the main entrance of the building, on the south side, parallel to the stream bed. This means that the access should be made with a wooden bridge, perhaps for security reasons.

Of particular importance is the mosaic decoration of the floors of the building. The anteroom (I) bears a mosaic floor depicting Envoy, in the form of a young man attacked by two pairs of beasts (tiger and lion below, panther and leopard above). An embroidered figure mentions Kratero as an artist, while the frame is framed by geometric shapes.

Chamber II has a mosaic floor depicting a fruit altar and two “guarding children” on either side, with lower animals, boar, bull and ram being sacrificed. Unfortunately, the performance is not as prominent, due to archaeological interventions that had taken place before the villa was excavated. This representation is also framed by war and other geometric ornamental shapes, and in the lower part of the composition there is an inscription, in two columns, of seven ring-sixs, referring to the ritual of sacrifice and to the honored gods.

The mosaic of chamber III is, unfortunately, completely destroyed, except for a few geometric shapes from the main theme.

Room IV has a floor decorated with geometrical themes.

As the excavation showed, the Roman farmhouse dates back to the 2nd century BC. A.D. and must have been destroyed in the 4th century. A.D. by fire. The early Christian temple built on part of the villa was maintained until the 9th or 10th century, when it was also destroyed by fire. In the late Byzantine years the chapel of St. Athanasios was built on the ruins of the oldest church.

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