Influenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus. It can be mild as a serious illness and sometimes even lead to death. Elderly, young children and people with certain chronic diseases are at greater risk of serious complications of influenza
Important measures to limit the spread of influenza to the general population are the systematic application of hygiene measures such as:
Frequent hand washing
-the isolation of patients
– avoiding synchronization indoors .
As far as schools are concerned, particular attention should be paid to the necessary hygiene measures to be taken by both teachers and pupils :
– good and frequent ventilation of the rooms
– regular hand washing
– coughing and sneezing on a tissue or the inner surface of the elbow).
However, these measures are partially effective and – though important – not sufficient
The most effective weapon for the prevention of influenza is the vaccination with the influenza vaccine, which when administered correctly and in time, protects against the transmission of the influenza virus, helps protect against serious complications of the influenza and thus reduces its incidence. absences from work at school and every social event.
According to the National Vaccination Program of our country, influenza vaccination should be systematically applied to people (adults and children) belonging to the following increased risk groups:
1) Health care workers (medical staff and other workers).
2) People 60 and over.
3) Children (6 months and older) and adults with one or more of the following aggravating factors or chronic diseases:
- Asthma or other chronic lung diseases,
- Heart disease with severe hemodynamic disorder.
- Immunosuppression (hereditary or acquired).
- Organ transplantation.
- Sickle cell anemia (and other hemoglobinopathies).
- Diabetes mellitus or other chronic metabolic disease.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Neurological – neuromuscular diseases.
4) Pregnant women regardless of gestational age, bladder and lactation
5) People with pathogenic obesity.
6) Children who take aspirin long term (eg Kawasaki disease, rheumatoid arthritis and others).
7) People who are in close contact with children under the age of 6 months or who care for people with an underlying disease that increases the risk of influenza complications.
8) Indoor populations, such as staff and internal students (schools, military and police schools, special schools and food and foundations staff, etc.).
9) Veterinarians, poultry-breeders, pig-breeders, breeders, slaughterhouses and general persons in contact with birds or pigs.
The influenza vaccine should be given early and before the onset of the usual outbreak of influenza outbreaks, as it takes about 2 weeks to achieve an immune response. Preferably, the vaccination should be completed at least 4-6 weeks before it begins. Annual epidemic of influenza epidemic in Greece (ie mid-November).
In addition, vaccination is continued throughout the season for influenza for those who are indicated for vaccination and who have not been vaccinated in a timely manner.
About The number D1a / GP no. 69903 / 04-10-2019 document of the Ministry of Health (APA PSYE465FYO-PGB)
DIRECTORATE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE