The Health Impacts of The Dust (video with English Subtitles)

African dust is not “innocent”: What are the health effects Vulnerable groups must avoid exposure to dust according to experts

/ Photo: EUROKINISSI / KATOMERIS 
The phenomenon of African powder transport is known for the “exotic”, often yellowish, blurring that creates in the environment. However, it has many, quite serious, impacts that a large section of the population ignores.

According to the National Observatory of Athens, the phenomenon of septic – African dust, which is expected to hit the country until Good Friday , is common to Greece and is culminating in the transition seasons of the year, namely Autumn and Spring.

In Greece the “record” of the phenomenon in recent years was recorded in the last 10 days of March 2016 and 2018.

What is the dust that ‘rises’ from Africa
The amount of dust rising is estimated at 150 to 700 million tons per year, and scientists often have fungi and bacteria.

A dust cloth will cover the Third Tuesday all over the country -Aponic atmosphere, muddy Otherwise, as stated by the National Observatory of Athens, its basic composition is silicon, iron and manganese.

The main sources of arrival of African powder are Chad and regions of Libya and Egypt.

Impact on health and vulnerable groups
According to the National Observatory of Athens, in the course of the phenomenon, large safety margin exceedances have been recorded with regard to microparticle concentrations.

This has the effect of increasing incidents and imports into hospitals of people experiencing respiratory and cardiac problems.

The vulnerable groups that need to be alert to African powder are:

– Adults and children with allergies
– Adults and children with respiratory problems
– People suffering from asthma
– Cardiopathic
– Women who are pregnant
– People aged over 65

The National Observatory of Athens for the African Dust:

Symptoms that may arise due to exposure to African powder, according to the National Observatory of Athens, are as follows:

– Cough
– Shortness of breath
– Discomfort
– Weight or chest pain
– Whistling in the breath
– Dermatitis
– Headaches

Those belonging to vulnerable groups must follow the following guidelines:

– Avoid exposure to dust
– Avoid stay, exercise and outdoor activity if it is not necessary
– Breathe from the nose (so that air is properly filtered into the nasal cavity)
– To wear a mask or a scarf in front of the nose and mouth outdoors
– Those who have asthma may need more frequent inhalations of a palliative drug
– If symptoms persist or intensify, they should contact a doctor or be transported to a hospital
– Consequences of African dust on the economy and the environment
– According to the National Observatory of Athens, African dust also has an impact on the economy.

Among other things, at the height of the phenomenon, there is a problem with air transport as well as with agricultural production.

At the same time, dust is also an obstacle to photovoltaic energy production, both due to the reduction of solar radiation and dust deposition in the photovoltaic mirrors.

As far as the environment is concerned, African dust increases phytoplankton in the seas with consequent changes in the food chain.

The African powder reduces solar radiation to the Earth, affecting the radiation balance, and is thought to affect and cloud formation and precipitation.
Source-  iefimerida.gr 

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