The main characteristics of waste management in the Municipality of Argostoli with a population of 23.5 thousand permanent residents and an area of 151 km 2 , out of a total of 35 thousand inhabitants of Kefalonia with an area of 773 km 2 and 3 thousand inhabitants of Ithaca with an area of 117 km 2 :
- Satisfactory level of cleanliness and collection.
- Outdated fleet of garbage trucks with high maintenance costs.
- Total annual production of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) 28-30 thousand tons per year including bulky, with a recycling rate between 5-6% . A separate collection is made on paper in a blue bin with a yellow lid and the other recyclables in a blue bin with a red lid. Kefalonia sends its recyclable waste to the Recycling Materials Sorting Center (KDAW) of Patras. For the period 2018-2020, the waste residue from KDAW ranged between 21-26%, while in 2021 due to the burden with the health waste of the pandemic and possibly the fatigue of the people, an average increase of 35% was observed.
- Waste management is done with objectives, method, consultation, dedication and ongoing evaluation. Problem analysis and identification is done, it is found that significant efforts must be made and actions compatible with the package instructions for the circular economy are proposed so that the Municipality of Argostoli acquires the appropriate infrastructure as soon as possible to achieve the required targets for 50% recycling rates by 2020, 55% by 2025, 60% by 2030, 65% by 2035 and landfill maximum up to 10% by 2030, which are now a very serious legal obligation of the country.
- They have fast reflexes and decision-making ability, work effectively with experienced stakeholders and external partners and show a great willingness to proceed with substantial solutions, as it is fully understood that the factory to be auctioned does not solve the problem, as it includes a) expansion of the Landfill (landfill), b) construction of a Mixed Waste Treatment Plant (CWW) with a capacity of 12.7 thousand tons per year and c) pre-selected organic waste treatment plant with a capacity of 4.6 thousand tons per year needs of the relevant Regional Unit amount to about 15 thousand tons of organic per year. It should be noted that the total of ASA produced amounts to almost 30 thousand tons per year of which about 2/3 (ie about 20 thousand tons) correspond to the Municipality of Argostoli (see Table).
Based on the above characteristics, the Local Waste Management Plan 2021 of the Municipality of Argostoli, was put to public consultation, approved by the Municipal Council and the Interdepartmental Solid Waste Management Agency (FODSA), and provides the following:
- Creation of a local KDAW and a Bio-Waste Processing (Composting) Unit ( MEBA ) , so that it is possible locally, ie within the boundaries of the Municipality, the treatment of all produced recyclable materials and biowaste.
- Creation of a Center for Creative Reuse of Materials (K.DEY) , where green (pruning) and bulky management will be done separately.
- Development of Source Sorting in separate streams , as required by the European Directives, which have already been transposed into National Law (see blue-yellow-brown bin system for separate collection of recyclable and organic, green spots, green corners).
- Development of a special management plan regarding the Tourism Sector.
- Contracts with Alternative Management Systems (ALS) for the management of other waste streams such as old electrical appliances, clothes, edible fats and oils, batteries, mattresses, windows and other small quantities of hazardous materials such as e.g. medicines, dyes and solvents, x-rays or even dead animals that now end up in mixed waste bins.
- Stimulation, prevention, information, awareness and environmental education activities for Source Screening, Recycling and Composting. And,
- Establishment of Transfer Stations (RMS) where it is considered that it will significantly reduce the cost of transporting mixed waste with the provision that the need for transhipment of mixed will be gradually reduced.
The aim of the above planning is to benefit the local community at the level
- environmental , as it will be diverted from composites and most of the NSAs will be recycled,
- economic , as all these actions involve large savings in transport and other management costs (eg for each ton of waste recycled and diverted from landfill there are savings in landfill fees which currently amount to € 40 / ton) and,
- social , as these are labor-intensive actions, due to the creation of new, quality, and green jobs.
The proposed actions at the level of the Municipality that are foreseen within the framework of the Local Plan, can with methodical and correct implementation, in a reasonable time and always depending on the course of implementation of the necessary procedures (location, licensing, appropriate financial tools, etc.) succeed
- very high rates of diversion from landfill and close to the strict target of 10%, set in the revised ECHR by 2030 on landfill,
- ensuring significant financial resources on the part of the Municipality as the costs of collection, transport, temporary storage and final disposal of waste will be reduced, and
- better and more efficient utilization of human resources in more productive work, related to the creation of useful materials for the circular economy instead of the obsolete inefficient inefficient, environmentally friendly and incompatible with the European obligations of the country of mixed waste management and health.
Economist, Statist, MSc , Member of the Waste Initiative . gr
PANEL. ASA quantities in thousands of tons in Kefalonia in the period 2018-2021